What Are the Common Birth Control Methods?

What Are the Common Birth Control Methods?

The topic of birth control is a contentious one today. There are several options for preventing pregnancy, and people have various opinions on which ones should or shouldn’t be allowed and what kinds of birth control can be used by those who want to avoid pregnancy. Different birth control options are available, but finding the right choice presents many challenges for people. You need to understand the pros, cons, and possible risks of each before deciding which course of action is best. You can talk to a Memorial City birth control specialist to understand your options. No matter what option someone chooses, it’s crucial they are aware of all the facts to make an educated decision. Here, we look at some of the most effective birth control methods available.

  • Hormonal Birth Control

This type of birth control is generally safe, effective, and easy to use. They are designed to prevent pregnancy by altering hormone levels in the body, so ovulation doesn’t occur or sperm can’t meet an egg usually. Oral contraceptive pills are one example of a hormonal birth control method that many women choose to take every day. Hormonal birth control has some possible risks, including the increased risk of heart attack, stroke, and blood clots. It can also cause changes in mood, such as depression or anxiety. However, it also comes with various benefits, including lighter and more regular periods.

  • Barrier Methods

Commonly known as condoms, these methods work by blocking the sperm and preventing it from reaching the uterus. Barrier methods are typically easy to use, but they do not protect against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). In addition, they don’t always prevent pregnancy because people often fail to use them correctly or use them at the wrong time.

  • Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives (LARC)

LARC methods include the IUD and implant. This birth control option protects against pregnancy for up to 3-10 years, depending on the type. A doctor inserts the IUD into the uterus during an office visit and prevents sperm from reaching an egg. It contains copper, which creates an environment that kills sperm before it reaches an egg. The implant is made of flexible plastic, about the size of a matchstick. It is inserted underneath the skin in your arm by a doctor during an office visit, protecting against pregnancy for up to 3 years. LARC methods are safe and have few side effects, but they must be placed or removed by a doctor.

  • Sterilization

Sterilization is a permanent contraceptive method that involves surgically blocking the fallopian tubes or cutting and tying off the vas deferens. In addition to being a permanent method, they also have a high success rate, which means they effectively prevent pregnancy. People choose sterilization when other methods have failed in the past. However, this form of birth control does not protect against STIs.

In summary, hormonal birth control is generally safe and effective. However, it can cause adverse side effects. Barrier methods are easy to use, but they do not protect against STIs. LARC methods are effective long-term options. However, insertion or removal must be done by a doctor. Sterilization is a permanent contraceptive method that prevents pregnancy if other methods have failed in the past, but it does not protect against STIs.

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